Effect of yoga nidra on the brain activity in individuals with migraine
HC Shashikiran1, Prashanth Shetty2, R Akshay3, Avani Venugopal3, Shivaprasad Shetty4
1 Associate Professor, Department of Research, SDM College of Yoga and Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences, Ujire, Karnataka, India
2 Principal, Department of Yoga and Naturopathy, SDM College of Yoga and Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences, Ujire, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Yoga and Naturopathy, SDM College of Yoga and Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences, Ujire, Karnataka, India
4 Dean, Department of Yoga Therapeutics, SDM College of Yoga and Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences, Ujire, Karnataka, India
H C Shashikiran
Department of Research, S.D.M. College of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences, Ujire, Karnataka, India. Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Background: Migraine is a frequent neurological problem that carries the largest burden in terms of years spent disabled among neurological conditions. The conventional management has not been able to successfully treat migraine and hence, there was a need for combating these disorders through conventional therapies like yoga with an evidence-based approach. As there are only few evidence in this aspect, this research aims at finding evidence for yoga and naturopathy on migraine.
Materials and Methods: Participants (n = 60) were randomly allocated into two groups, control group (n = 30) and intervention group (n = 30). The intervention group received Yoga Nidra and the control group was given supine rest (Rest without conscious awareness). The electroencephalogram data were recorded both at baseline and postintervention for both groups. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 (IBM Corp. Released 2011. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Armonk, NY: IBM Corp), and the results were tabulated.
Results: The results of the current study showed increased frequency in alpha waves in the interventional group compared to the control group. The control group showed no significant changes in the brain activity.
Conclusion: The results indicate that Yoga Nidra induces relaxation through enhanced alpha waves. This shows that Yoga Nidra helps in parasympathetic dominance and hence decreases sympathetic activation. Hence, this study suggests that Yoga Nidra could be used as an effective tool in combating stress and neuropsychiatric symptoms in migraine patients.