The influence of yoga therapy in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A single-center study
Mallikarjun V Jali1, Rajendra B Deginal2, Shridhar C Ghagane3, Sujata M Jali4, Ambika A Shitole5
1 Chief of Diabetes Centre & Alternative Medicine, Medical Director & CEO, KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital & Medical Research Centre; Professor of Diabetology (Medicine), KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research (KLE UNIVERSITY); President of National Diabetes Foundation, Belagavi (Regd NGO), National Diabetes Foundation Society, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
2 Chief of Yoga, Naturopathy and Guided Meditation Centre, KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital & Medical Research Centre, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
3 Research Associate, KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital & Medical Research Centre, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
4 Pediatric Diabetes-in-charge, KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital & Medical Research Centre; Professor & Head Pediatrics, KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research (KLE UNIVERSITY), Belagavi, Karnataka, India
5 Consultant in Yoga & Ayurveda, KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital & Medical Research Centre, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
Mallikarjun V Jali
Medical Director & CEO, Chief Diabetologist & Professor of Diabetology, KLES Dr Prabhakar Kore Hospital & Medical Research Centre, KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research, (KLE University), Belagavi - 590 010, Karnataka
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Aims: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of yoga therapy and its influence on blood glucose parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Materials and Method: This was a prospective study conducted at Diabetes Centre, KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Centre, India, from January 2016 to December 2016. A total of 1000 type 2 diabetic patients were enrolled in the study with informed consent. We assessed the patients for pre- and post-assessment blood parameters after a period of 12 months for fasting blood sugar (FBS), postprandial blood sugar (PPBS) levels, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), cholesterol, and triglycerides. A qualitative in-depth interview of the participants and therapist was conducted at baseline, end of 6 months, and end of 12 months.
Statistical Analysis: The observations were recorded and analyzed for significance using SPSS version 20.0 statistical tool.
Results: During pre-assessment, the results revealed an increase in the level of FBS (181.75 ± 71.47), PPBS (262.04 ± 97.23), HbA1c (10.30 ± 5.3), cholesterol (180.13 ± 47.1), and triglycerides (159.77 ± 110.39). However, the participants who completed the yoga therapy had significantly lower FBS (133.01 ± 46.98) (p < 0.0001), PPBS (187.67 ± 68.61) (p < 0.0001), and HbA1c (7.89 ± 1.6) (p < 0.0001) at the end of the 12th month. There was statistically significant positive correlation observed in yoga group as compared to the control group during postassessment blood parameters.
Conclusions: The results of the present study demonstrated that yoga is effective in reducing the blood glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Our study also showed positive benefits of yoga in the management of diabetes with real impact on glycemic control and lipid profile.